Summary Evidence Table [PDF - 131 kB]
Contains evidence from reviews of interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening
The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
Dickey L, Petitti D. A patient-held minirecord to promote adult preventive care. J Fam Pract 1992;34(4):457-63.
Harris MA, Byles JE, Cockburn J, D'Este C. A general practice-based recruitment strategy for colorectal cancer screening. Aust N Z J Public Health 2000;24(4):441-3.
Hart A, Barone T, Gay S, et al. The effect on compliance of a health education leaflet in colorectal cancer screening in general practice in central England. J Epidemiol Community Health 1997;51:187-91.
Kramish Campbell M, James A, Hudson MA, et al. Improving multiple behaviors for colorectal cancer prevention among African American church members. Health Psychol 2004;23(5):492-502.
Lee C. A randomised controlled trial to motivate worksite fecal occult blood testing. Yonsei Med J 1991;32(2):131-8.
Powe BD. Promoting fecal occult blood testing in rural African American women. Cancer Pract 2002;10(3):139-46.
Pye G, Christie M, Chamberlain J, et al. A comparison of methods for increasing compliance within a general pracititioner based screening project for colorectal cancer and the effect on practitioner workload. J Epidemiol Community Health 1988;42:66-71.
Kramish Campbell M, James A, Hudson MA, et al. Improving multiple behaviors for colorectal cancer prevention among African American church members. Health Psychol 2004;23:492–502.
Lairson DR, DiCarlo M, Myers RE, Wolf T, Cocroft J, Sifri R, Rosenthal M, Vernon SW, Wender R. Cost-effectiveness of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening use. Cancer 2008;112:779–88.
Shankaran V, McKoy JM, Dandade N, Nonzee N, Tigue CA, Bennett CL, Denberg TD. Costs and cost-effectiveness of a low-intensity patient-directed intervention to promote colorectal cancer screening. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2007;25(33):5248-53.
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The following outlines the search strategy used for these reviews of interventions to increase breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening: Client Reminders (archived); Client Incentives (archived); Mass Media Targeting Clients (archived); Small Media Targeting Clients; Group Education for Clients (archived); One-on-One Education for Clients (archived); Reducing Structural Barriers for Clients (archived); Reducing Client Out-of-Pocket Costs (archived); Provider Assessment and Feedback (archived); Provider Incentives (archived).
To establish the evidence base the team searched five computerized databases from the earliest entries in each through November 2004: MEDLINE, database of the National Library of Medicine (from 1966); the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health database (CINAHL, from 1982); the Chronic Disease Prevention database (CDP, Cancer Prevention and Control subfield, from 1988); PsycINFO (from 1967); and the Cochrane Library databases. Medical subject headings (MeSH) searched (including all subheadings) are shown below. The team also scanned bibliographies from key articles and solicited other citations from other team members and subject-matter experts. Conference abstracts were not included because, according to Community Guide criteria, they generally do not provide enough information to assess study validity and to address the research questions.
The search identified over 9000 citations whose titles and abstracts were screened for potential relevance to interventions and outcomes of interest; of these, 580 articles were retrieved for full-text review.
Search terms used in five electronic databases to find studies for inclusion in the systematic reviews of cancer screening. Searches were conducted to find all studies of cancer screening including those specific to screening for breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer.
Neoplasms—combined with any of the following headings:
- Early detection
- Mass screening
- Multiphasic screening
- Preventive health services
- Breast neoplasms
- Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
- (Uterine) cervical neoplasms
- Cervix dysplasia
- Vaginal smears
- Colonic neoplasms
- Colorectal neoplasms
- Occult blood
- Sigmoid neoplasms
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