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Interventions to Get Healthier Foods and Beverages into Schools

A young girl eats an apple while doing school work.Two new publications in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine feature CPSTF findings and systematic review evidence for four intervention approaches to increase the availability of healthier foods and beverages in schools.

The CPSTF recommends Meal or Fruit and Vegetable Snack Interventions to Increase Healthier Foods and Beverages Provided by Schools and Multicomponent Interventions to Increase Availability of Healthier Foods and Beverages in Schools. Evidence shows these intervention approaches reduce or maintain obesity or overweight prevalence.

The CPSTF found insufficient evidence to reach a conclusion for interventions Supporting Healthier Snack Foods and Beverages Sold or Offered in Schools or Increasing Water Access in Schools. Evidence on dietary behaviors was inconsistent for snack foods and beverages, and there were too few studies for water access interventions to reach a conclusion. More research is needed to determine the effectiveness of these intervention approaches on dietary behaviors and weight-related outcomes.

In the United States, approximately one in five External Web Site Icon adolescents aged 12-19 years has obesity. Children and adolescents who have obesity are more likely to develop a number of serious health conditions External Web Site Icon, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and breathing and joint problems. If children have obesity, their obesity and disease risk factors in adulthood are likely to be more severe External Web Site Icon.

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