The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
Adlakha D, Hipp AJ, Marx C, Yang L, Tabak R, Dodson EA, et al. Home and workplace built environment supports for physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2015;48(1):104-7.
Adams MA, Ding D, Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Ainsworth BE, Bergman P, et al. Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10(34):10-186.
Aytur SA, Rodriguez DA, Evenson KR, Catellier DJ. Urban containment policies and physical activity: a time–series analysis of metropolitan areas, 1990–2002. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;34(4):320-32.
Badland H, Knuiman M, Hooper P, Giles-Corti B. Socio-ecological predictors of the uptake of cycling for recreation and transport in adults: results from the RESIDE study. Preventive Medicine 2013;57(4):396-9.
Bergman P, Grjibovski AM, Hagströmer M, Sallis JF, Sjöström M. The association between health enhancing physical activity and neighbourhood environment among Swedish adults–a population-based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009;6(1):8.
Berke EM, Koepsell TD, Moudon AV, Hoskins RE, Larson EB. Association of the built environment with physical activity and obesity in older persons. American Journal of Public Health 2007;97(3):486-92.
Boarnet MG, Joh K, Siembab W, Fulton W, Nguyen MT. Retrofitting the suburbs to increase walking: Evidence from a land-use-travel study. Urban Studies 2011;48(1):129-59.
Brown SC, Lombard J, Toro M, Huang S, Perrino T, Perez-Gomez G, et al. Walking and proximity to the urban growth boundary and central business district. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2014;47(4):481-6.
Buehler R, Pucher J. Cycling to work in 90 large American cities: new evidence on the role of bike paths and lanes. Transportation 2012;39(2):409-32.
Calise TV, Dumith SC, DeJong W, Kohl III HW. The effect of a neighborhood built environment on physical activity behaviors. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2012;9(8):1089-97.
Cao X, Handy SL, Mokhtarian PL. The influences of the built environment and residential self-selection on pedestrian behavior: evidence from Austin, TX. Transportation 2006;33(1):1-20.
Cao XJ. Exploring causal effects of neighborhood type on walking behavior using stratification on the propensity score. Environment and Planning A 2010;42(2):487-504.
Carlson JA, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Kerr J, et al. Interactions between psychosocial and built environment factors in explaining older adults' physical activity. Preventive Medicine 2012;54(1):68-73.
Carson V, Rosu A, Janssen I. A cross-sectional study of the environment, physical activity, and screen time among young children and their parents. BMC Public Health 2014;14(1):1.
Cervero R, Duncan M. Walking, bicycling, and urban landscapes: evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area. American Journal of Public Health 2003;93(9):1478-83.
Chaix B, Simon C, Charreire H, Thomas F, Kestens Y, Karusisi N, et al. The environmental correlates of overall and neighborhood based recreational walking (a cross-sectional analysis of the RECORD Study). International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014;11(1):20.
Chillón P, Hales D, Vaughn A, Gizlice Z, Ni A, Ward DS. A cross-sectional study of demographic, environmental and parental barriers to active school travel among children in the United States. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014;11(1):61.
Chomitz VR, McDonald JC, Aske DB, Arsenault LN, Rioles NA, Brukilacchio LB, et al. Evaluation results from an active living intervention in Somerville, Massachusetts. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012 30;43(5):S367-78.
Christiansen LB, Toftager M, Schipperijn J, Ersbøll AK, Giles-Corti B, Troelsen J. School site walkability and active school transport–association, mediation and moderation. Journal of Transport Geography 2014;34:7-15.
D’Haese S, De Meester F, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Cardon G. Criterion distances and environmental correlates of active commuting to school in children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011;8(1):88.
De Meester F, Van Dyck D, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Deforche B, Cardon G. Do psychosocial factors moderate the association between neighborhood walkability and adolescents' physical activity? Social Science and Medicine. 2013 Mar 31;81:1-9.
Ding D, Sallis JF, Conway TL, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Cain KL, et al. Interactive effects of built environment and psychosocial attributes on physical activity: a test of ecological models. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2012;44(3):365-74.
Dunton GF, Intille SS, Wolch J, Pentz MA. Investigating the impact of a smart growth community on the contexts of children's physical activity using Ecological Momentary Assessment. Health & Place 2012;18(1):76-84.
Dygryn J, Mitas J, Stelzer J. The influence of built environment on walkability using geographic information system. Journal of Human Kinetics 2010;24:93-9.
Ewing R, Handy SL, McCann B. Effect of infrastructure investments on bicycling and walking in two metropolitan areas. Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting 2010:1-17.
Ewing R, Meakins G, Hamidi S, Nelson AC. Relationship between urban sprawl and physical activity, obesity, and morbidity–Update and refinement. Health & Place 2014;26:118-26.
Foti F, Waddell P. Modeling walk trips using a multi-modal accessibility framework. Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting 2014:1-17.
Frank LD, Saelens BE, Powell KE, Chapman JE. Stepping towards causation: do built environments or neighborhood and travel preferences explain physical activity, driving, and obesity? Social Science and Medicine 2007;65(9):1898-914.
Freeman L, Neckerman K, Schwartz-Soicher O, Quinn J, Richards C, Bader MD, et al. Neighborhood walkability and active travel (walking and cycling) in New York City. Journal of Urban Health 2013;90(4):575-85.
Friederichs SA, Kremers SP, Lechner L, de Vries NK. Neighborhood walkability and walking behavior: the moderating role of action orientation. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2013;10:15-22.
Garrard J, Crawford S. Evaluation of the Victorian Ride2School program: impacts and insights into promoting active travel to school. Australasian Transport Research Forum (ATRF), Canberra, ACT, Australia Sep 2010:1-16.
Gell NM, Wadsworth DD. How do they do it: Working women meeting physical activity recommendations. American Journal of Health Behavior 2014;38(2):208.
Glazier RH et al. Development and validation of an urban walkability index for Toronto, Canada. Edited by Toronto Community Health Profiles Partnership. Toronto, Canada. 2012. Updated from: Glazier RH, Weyman JT, Creatore MI, Gozdyra P, Moineddin R, Matheson FI, Booth GL. Development and validation of an urban walkability index for Toronto, Canada. Canadian Journal of Diabetes 2008;32(4).
Goodman A, Sahlqvist S, Ogilvie D. New walking and cycling routes and increased physical activity: one-and 2-year findings from the UK iConnect Study. American Journal of Public Health 2014;104(9):e38-46.
Graham DJ, Schneider M, Dickerson SS. Environmental resources moderate the relationship between social support and school sports participation among adolescents: a cross-sectional analysis. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2011;8(34.10):1186.
Greenwald M, Boarnet M. Built environment as determinant of walking behavior: Analyzing nonwork pedestrian travel in Portland, Oregon. Transportation Research Record 2001;(1780):33-41.
Hinckson EA, Garrett N, Duncan S. Active commuting to school in New Zealand Children (2004–2008): A quantitative analysis. Preventive Medicine 2011;52(5):332-6.
Hirsch JA, Diez Roux AV, Moore KA, Evenson KR, Rodriguez DA. Change in walking and body mass index following residential relocation: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. American Journal of Public Health 2014;104(3):e49-56.
Jack E, McCormack GR. The associations between objectively-determined and self-reported urban form characteristics and neighborhood-based walking in adults. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014;11(1):71.
James P, Troped PJ, Hart JE, Joshu CE, Colditz GA, Brownson RC, et al. Urban sprawl, physical activity, and body mass index: nurses’ health study and nurses’ health study II. American Journal of Public Health 2013;103(2):369-75.
Kaczynski AT, Johnson AJ, Saelens BE. Neighborhood land use diversity and physical activity in adjacent parks. Health & Place 2010;16(2):413-5.
Kerr J, Norman G, Millstein R, Adams MA, Morgan C, Langer RD, et al. Neighborhood environment and physical activity among older women. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2014;11(6):1070-7.
Kinney AM, Hutton L, Carlson B, Perlick LM, Minkler KK, Kimber C. Isanti County active living: measuring change in perception and behavior. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012;43(5):S392-4.
Kligerman M, Sallis JF, Ryan S, Frank LD, Nader PR. Association of neighborhood design and recreation environment variables with physical activity and body mass index in adolescents. American Journal of Health Promotion 2007;21(4):274-7.
Laxer RE, Janssen I. The proportion of youths’ physical inactivity attributable to neighbourhood built environment features. International Journal of Health Geographics 2013;12(1):1.
Lee IM, Ewing R, Sesso HD. The built environment and physical activity levels: the Harvard Alumni Health Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2009;37(4):293-8.
Li F, Harmer PA, Cardinal BJ, Bosworth M, Acock A, Johnson-Shelton D, et al. Built environment, adiposity, and physical activity in adults aged 50–75. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;35(1):38-46.
Lyons W, Rasmussen B, Daddio D, Fijalkowski J, Simmons E. Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program: Continued progress in developing walking and bicycling networks. U.S. Department of Transportation, John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (MA) and Federal Highway Administration (DC); May 2014.
Maddison R, Hoorn SV, Jiang Y, Mhurchu CN, Exeter D, Dorey E, et al. The environment and physical activity: The influence of psychosocial, perceived and built environmental factors. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009;6(1):19.
McDonald K, Hearst M, Farbakhsh K, Patnode C, Forsyth A, Sirard J, et al. Adolescent physical activity and the built environment: a latent class analysis approach. Health & Place 2012;18(2):191-8.
Muhs CD, Clifton KJ. Bicycling is different: Built environment relationships to non-work travel. Transportation Research Board 93rd Annual Meeting 2014:1-19.
Mumford KG, Contant CK, Weissman J, Wolf J, Glanz K. Changes in physical activity and travel behaviors in residents of a mixed-use development. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2011;41(5):504-7.
Nathan A, Wood L, Giles-Corti B. Exploring socioecological correlates of active living in retirement village residents. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2014;22(1):1-5.
Nelson MC, Gordon-Larsen P, Song Y, Popkin BM. Built and social environments: associations with adolescent overweight and activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2006;31(2):109-17.
Nelson NM, Woods CB. Neighborhood perceptions and active commuting to school among adolescent boys and girls. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2010;7(2):257.
Norman GJ, Adams MA, Kerr J, Ryan S, Frank LD, Roesch SC. A latent profile analysis of neighborhood recreation environments in relation to adolescent physical activity, sedentary time, and obesity. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice 2010;16(5):411.
Oliver M, Badland H, Mavoa S, Witten K, Kearns R, Ellaway A, et al. Environmental and socio-demographic associates of children's active transport to school: a cross-sectional investigation from the URBAN Study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2014;11(1):70.
Panter J, Jones A, van Sluijs E, Griffin S, Wareham N. Environmental and psychological correlates of older adult’s active commuting. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2011;43(7).
Panter JR, Jones AP. Associations between physical activity, perceptions of the neighbourhood environment and access to facilities in an English city. Social Science and Medicine 2008;67(11):1917-23.
Perry CK, Herting JR, Berke EM, Nguyen HQ, Moudon AV, Beresford SA, et al. Does neighborhood walkability moderate the effects of intrapersonal characteristics on amount of walking in post-menopausal women? Health & Place 2013;21:39-45.
Pikora TJ, Giles-Corti B, Knuiman MW, Bull FC, Jamrozik K, Donovan RJ. Neighborhood environmental factors correlated with walking near home: Using SPACES. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2006;38(4):708-14.
Rajamani J, Bhat C, Handy S, Knaap G, Song Y. Assessing impact of urban form measures on nonwork trip mode choice after controlling for demographic and level-of-service effects. Transportation Research Record 2003;(1831):158-65.
Reyer M, Fina S, Siedentop S, Schlicht W. Walkability is only part of the story: Walking for transportation in Stuttgart, Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2014;11(6):5849-65.
Riley DL, Mark AE, Kristjansson E, Sawada MC, Reid RD. Neighbourhood walkability and physical activity among family members of people with heart disease who participated in a randomized controlled trial of a behavioural risk reduction intervention. Health & Place 2013;21:148-55.
Robertson LB, Ward Thompson C, Aspinall P, Millington C, McAdam C, Mutrie N. The influence of the local neighbourhood environment on walking levels during the Walking for Wellbeing in the West pedometer-based community intervention. Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2012;2012.
Rodríguez DA, Khattak AJ, Evenson KR. Can new urbanism encourage physical activity?: Comparing a new Urbanist neighborhood with conventional suburbs. Journal of the American Planning Association 2006;72(1):43-54.
Sayers SP, LeMaster JW, Thomas IM, Petroski GF, Ge B. Bike, Walk, and Wheel: a way of life in Columbia, Missouri, revisited. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2012;43(5):S379-83.
Sallis JF, Saelens BE, Frank LD, Conway TL, Slymen DJ, Cain KL, et al. Neighborhood built environment and income: examining multiple health outcomes. Social Science and Medicine 2009;68(7):1285-93.
Scheepers E, Wendel-Vos W, van Kempen E, Panis LI, Maas J, Stipdonk H, et al. Personal and environmental characteristics associated with choice of active transport modes versus car use for different trip purposes of trips up to 7.5 kilometers in The Netherlands. PloS One 2013;8(9):e73105.
Schoner J, Cao X. Walking for Purpose and Pleasure: Influences of Light Rail, Built Environment, and Residential Self-Selection on Pedestrian Travel. Transportation Research Record 2014;2464:67-76.
Shimura H, Winkler E, Owen N. Individual, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of 4-year declines in walking among middle-to-older aged adults. Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2014;11(6):1078-84.
Siceloff ER, Coulon SM, Wilson DK. Physical activity as a mediator linking neighborhood environmental supports and obesity in African Americans in the path trial. Health Psychology 2014;33(5):481.
Siu VW, Lambert WE, Fu R, Hillier TA, Bosworth M, Michael YL. Built environment and its influences on walking among older women: use of standardized geographic units to define urban forms. Journal of Environmental and Public Health 2012;2012.
Slater SJ, Ewing R, Powell LM, Chaloupka FJ, Johnston LD, O'Malley PM. The association between community physical activity settings and youth physical activity, obesity, and body mass index. Journal of Adolescent Health 2010;47(5):496-503.
Ståhl A, Horstmann V, Iwarsson S. A five-year follow-up among older people after an outdoor environment intervention. Transport Policy 2013;27:134-41.
Su JG, Jerrett M, McConnell R, Berhane K, Dunton G, Shankardass K, et al. Factors influencing whether children walk to school. Health & Place 2013;22:153-61.
Sundquist K, Eriksson U, Kawakami N, Skog L, Ohlsson H, Arvidsson D. Neighborhood walkability, physical activity, and walking behavior: the Swedish Neighborhood and Physical Activity (SNAP) study. Social Science & Medicine 2011;72(8):1266-73.
Tappe KA, Glanz K, Sallis JF, Zhou C, Saelens BE. Children’s physical activity and parents’ perception of the neighborhood environment: neighborhood impact on kids study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10(39):1479-5868.
Troped PJ, Starnes HA, Puett RC, Tamura K, Cromley EK, James P, et al. Relationships between the built environment and walking and weight status among older women in three U.S. States. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity 2014;22(1):114-25.
Van Cauwenberg J, Clarys P, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Van Holle V, Verté D, De Witte N, et al. Older adults’ transportation walking: a cross-sectional study on the cumulative influence of physical environmental factors. International Journal of Health Geographics 2013;12(1):1.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Do adults like living in high-walkable neighborhoods? Associations of walkability parameters with neighborhood satisfaction and possible mediators. Health & Place 2011;17(4):971-7.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Lower neighbourhood walkability and longer distance to school are related to physical activity in Belgian adolescents. Preventive Medicine 2009;48(6):516-8.
Van Dyck D, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Urban–rural differences in physical activity in Belgian adults and the importance of psychosocial factors. Journal of Urban Health 2011;88(1):154-67.
Van Dyck D, De Meester F, Cardon G, Deforche B, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Physical environmental attributes and active transportation in Belgium: What about adults and adolescents living in the same neighborhoods? Health Promotion 2013;27(5):330-8.
Van Dyck D, Sallis JF, Cardon G, Deforche B, Adams MA, Geremia C, et al. Associations of neighborhood characteristics with active park use: an observational study in two cities in the USA and Belgium. International Journal of Health Geographics 2013;12(1):1.
Van Loon J, Frank LD, Nettlefold L, Naylor PJ. Youth physical activity and the neighbourhood environment: Examining correlates and the role of neighbourhood definition. Social Science and Medicine 2014;104:107-15.
Vargo J, Stone B, Glanz K. Google walkability: a new tool for local planning and public health research? Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2012;9(5):689.
Wells NM, Yang Y. Neighborhood design and walking: a quasi-experimental longitudinal study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008;34(4):313-9.
Witten K, Blakely T, Bagheri N, Badland H, Ivory V, Pearce J, et al. Neighborhood built environment and transport and leisure physical activity: findings using objective exposure and outcome measures in New Zealand. Environmental Health Perspectives 2012;120(7):971.
Zenk SN, Wilbur J, Wang E, McDevitt J, Oh A, Block R, et al. Neighborhood environment and adherence to a walking intervention in African American women. Health Education and Behavior 2009;36(1):167-81.